Aids Complications Facts and Information
AIDS complications guidelines and HIV AIDS definition, states that AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus which invades an individual’s immune system by attacking and destroying the helper CD4+ T cells. CD4+ forms the body’s main line of defense against any illness. The destruction of the helper T cells renders the body defenseless and vulnerable to a host of opportunistic infections, diseases and a set of complications that totally weaken the immune system.
The Final stage or an advanced stage of HIV infection results in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome . When an individual shows signs and symptoms of any of the opportunistic infections such as tumors, tuberculosis, pneumonia, or extreme weight loss that are usually associated with the disease or their CD4 count falls below 200 per cubic millimeter of blood, then such an individual is also believed to have contracted the diseasse, according to the HIV AIDS definition. A healthy person in comparison, usually has from eight hundred to a thousand and two hundred CD4 count per cubic millimeter of blood. In certain cases, the infected individuals have a CD4 count which is less than fifty per cubic millimeter of blood.
Most infected individuals may remain asymptomatic for a long time before showing any signs of complications. However, with the passage of time the levels of the HIV virus increase in the body causing the number of CD4 cells to fall.
HIV AIDS symptoms can be broadly classified into:
Early Symptoms and Later Symptoms.
Even though the individuals remain asymptomatic in the initial stages of the disease, they may show certain signs within a period of a month or two. These symptoms are:
•Enlargement of the lymph nodes in the groin and the neck region
•Individuals may also feel extremely fatigued
Since the early signs often disappear within a short time, they are often wrongly diagnosed as generic flu or any other viral infection. People become highly infectious in the initial stages due to a high presence of the HIV virus in the blood and genital fluids.
Symptoms expressed at the later stages are:
•Night sweats and fever that refuses to subside
•Rapid weight loss
•Unexplained exhaustion and fatigue
•Sores all over the body especially in the genitals, anus and the mouth
•Swollen lymph glands
•Diarrhea that prolongs over time
•Purple, brown, red or pink blotches that appear on or under the skin.
•Neurological disorders and depression.
HIV AIDS symptoms are common to other diseases. To know if you are infected , get tested. The Severity of AIDS complications such as oral thrush, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, mycobacterium avium complex and cytomegalovirus can be controlled through the antiretroviral drugs.